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Every effort is being made to show photographs of specimens that originated in Duval County.  As information is put online for each species, locale of photographed animals will be identified by county.  Links to species will be indicated by blue names as info on each species is added.  All photo credits are given on the page for each species.  If you have any photos that can be used on this site, PLEASE email me (webmaster) with anything that can be used.
Sources:
A Field Guide to Snakes of Florida  Alan Tennant (1997) Gulf Publishing
Handbook of Reptiles and Amphibians of Florida  Part One: The Snakes  Ray Ashton (1988)  Winward Publishing
NON-VENOMOUS
Species
   
Brief snipit
Abundance in Duval County

Corn Snake

Elaphe guttata guttata

cornstjohns_small.jpg (5698 bytes)  

Adults are usually less than 5 feet long.

EGG LAYER

Common
adult
 
hatchling
 

Yellow Rat Snake

Elaphe obsoleta quadrivittata

yellowratsnake2.jpg (39681 bytes)  

Adults can reach 6 feet. Hatchling resemble adult grey rat snakes.

EGG LAYER

Common
 
adult
hatchling
 

Grey Rat Snake

Elaphe obsoleta spiloites

greyratsnake2.jpg (26117 bytes)    

Similar to the yellow rat snake in size and life history. Historical range is to the west of Duval County. This species is moving east and is now in Duval.

EGG LAYER

Uncommon
 
adult
   

Southern Ringneck

Diadophis punctatus punctatus

ringnecksnake.jpg (11095 bytes)    

barely gets over 1 - 1.5 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common
 
adult
 

Scarlet Kingsnake

Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides

   

"Red to black, friend of Jack" Rings completely encircle the body. Usually less than 2 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)

 
adult

Northern Scarlet Snake

 Cemomphora coccinea copei

scarletsnake.jpg (36667 bytes)    

Has saddles. Belly is cream or white. Usually less than 2 feet.

EGG LAYER

Uncommon
 
adult
 

Eastern Mud Snake

Farancia abacura abacura

mudsnake1.jpg (34195 bytes)    

Shiny black with a red belly. A thick-bodied snakes that get to about 4-5 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult

Rainbow Snake

Farancia e. erythrogramma

     

Black with red stripes. Similar to mud snake in build and size.

EGG LAYER

Rare
         

Eastern Hognose

Heterodon platirhinos

easternhognose2.jpg (20151 bytes)    

Has an upturned, pointed snout. Feeds almost exclusively on toads. Usually less than 3 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult

Southern Hognose

Heterodon simus

southernhognose1.jpg (40115 bytes)    

A rare snake of the sandhills. Smaler than the eastern hognose.

EGG LAYER

Rare
 
adult
 

Florida Kingsnake

Lampropeltis g. floridana

floridakingsnake.jpg (44072 bytes)    

A large, powerful constrictor. gets to 4 - 5 feet.

EGG LAYER

Rare
 
adult

Eastern Kingsnake

Lampropeltis g. getula

easternking1_small.jpg (3206 bytes)    

A very attractive dark snake with light crossbands.

EGG LAYER

Rare
 
adult
 

Southern Black Racer

Coluber constrictor priapus

blackracer3.jpg (9974 bytes)    

A very fast shiny, black snake with a very noticable white throat. Up to 5 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common
 
adult

Florida Pine Snake

Pituophis melanoleucus mugitis

floridapine1_small.jpg (4758 bytes)    

A light colored snake with darker blotches and a light belly. Hisses VERY loudly when agitated. Up to 5-6 feet.

EGG LAYER

Uncommon to rare
 
adult
 

Eastern Coachwhip

Masticophis flagellum

coachwhipcolors_small.jpg (4721 bytes)    

Usually two-toned (black anterior and light posterior). VERY fast and hard to catch. Up to 6-7 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult
 

Florida Crowned Snake

Tantilla relicta neilli

flcrownedsnake.jpg (11604 bytes)    

A very small black-headed snake that is usually less than 1 foot.

EGG LAYER

????????
 
adult
 

Rough Green Snake

Opheodrys aestivus

greensnake.jpg (10839 bytes)    

Bright green on top, yellowish on the belly. Usually less than 2-3 feet.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult

Florida Water Snake

Nerodia fasciata pictiventris

bandedwatersnake.jpg (16753 bytes)    

Differentiated from the venomous cottonmouth by having ROUND pupils. Usually less than 4 feet.

LIVE BEARER

Common
 
adult
 

Striped Crawfish Snake

Regina alleni

stripedcrawfishsnake.jpg (12794 bytes)     Feeds mostly on crawfish. Less than 2 feet. Common (in some areas)
 
adult

Glossy Crawfish Snake

Regina rigida rigida

glossycrawfishsnake.jpg (34747 bytes)     Feeds mostly on crawfish. Less than 2 feet. Common (in some areas)
 
adult
 

Pine Woods Snake

Rhadinaea flavilata

pinewoodsjoe1_small.jpg (5030 bytes)    

A very secretive snake that is seldom seen above ground. Usually less than 18 inches.

EGG LAYER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult

N. Florida Swamp Snake

Seminatrix pygaea pygaea

blackswampsnake.jpg (11165 bytes)     Common (in some areas)
 
adult
 

Florida Brown Snake

Storeria dekayi victa

northernbrown1_small.jpg (5023 bytes)    

A small brown snake whose head is noticeably smaller than its body. Usually less than 15 inches.

LIVE BEARER

Common
 
adult

Florida Redbelly Snake

Storeria occipitomaculata obscura

redbelliedsnake.jpg (9283 bytes)    

Similar in size to the brown snake.

LIVE BEARER

Common (in some areas)
 
adult

Eastern Garter Snake

Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis

easterngarter.jpg (15473 bytes)    

The "grass snake" The stripe on the back is the main identifier. Usually less than 3 feet.

LIVE BEARER

Common
 
adult
 

Peninsula Ribbon Snake

Thamnophis sauritus sackeni

      Common
 

Eastern Indigo

Drymarchon corais couperi

indigo1.jpg (15416 bytes)    

A large snake (up to 7+ feet) that is federally protected!

EGG LAYER

Rare
 
adult
   

skull1.gif (2866 bytes)VENOMOUSskull1.gif (2866 bytes)
diamondback1_small.jpg (4369 bytes) Coralbilllove.jpg (16272 bytes) cottonmouth1.jpg (29100 bytes) pygmy1.jpg (80104 bytes)
E. Diamondback rattlesnake Eastern Coral Snake Florida Cottonmouth Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake
Crotalus adamanteus Micrurus fulvius Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti Sistrurus miliarius barbouri

canebrake1.jpg (27137 bytes)
Canebrake Rattlesnake
Crotalus horridus
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